On May 2, a Las Vegas driver struck a Nevada Highway Patrol trooper and fled the scene, leading to the trooper’s hospitalization. This comes less than one week after three people were arrested after crashing into a Reno-Tahoe International Airport fence and running away on foot.
Unfortunately, these are not unusual news stories: hit-and-run accidents are becoming increasingly common. A study released in 2018 revealed that hit-and-run deaths are at an all-time high in the U.S., with an average of 682,000 crashes a year. The hit-and-run death rate increased by 60 percent between 2009 and 2016, with 2,049 deaths in 2016. Among the individual states, Nevada ranks poorly. It has the fourth highest per-capita hit-and-run death rate, below only Louisiana, Florida, and Arizona. Between 2006 and 2016, Nevada roadways saw 246 hit-and-run crashes.
Pedestrians and cyclists accounted for about 65 percent of hit-and-run fatalities. On top of that, one in five pedestrian deaths over the past 10 years was caused by a hit-and-run driver. Comparatively, only one percent of driver fatalities were caused by a hit-and-run crash. Crashes are most likely to occur between midnight and 4 a.m., on roads with lower speed limits, and areas with heavy pedestrian foot traffic.
In Nevada, hit and runs can also be categorized as either a misdemeanor or felony, depending on the damage caused:
Property Damage – Misdemeanor
- Up to six months of prison time
- $1,000 fee
- Six points added to license
Death or Bodily Injury – Felony Offense
- Two to 20 years of prison time
- Parole or probation
- Restitution payments to victim
- Fines up to $5,000
- Loss or suspension of driver’s license
It is pertinent that drivers stay on the scene of an accident not only to protect themselves from harsher consequences, but to promptly seek medical care for anyone injured.
Steve is the Managing Shareholder of Steven J. Klearman & Associates, a civil litigation law firm located in Reno, Nevada. He practices primarily in the areas of civil litigation and injury law, and has authored one of the definitive guides to Nevada civil law that is widely used by Nevada judges and attorneys, his book entitled Elements of Nevada Legal Theories.