In Nevada, as in the U.S., there are two primary means of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) utilized by those in the legal system.
The first is arbitration, where a lawyer or a judge oversees a case, generally in a more casual and more abbreviated hearing than one would find at a jury trial. Many Nevada arbitrations typically take a half day to a full day. They are contested hearings with relaxed rules of evidence. The arbitrator makes a decision on the case once evidence is heard. Appeals are frequently possible depending on the nature of the arbitration.
The second form of ADR is mediation, a non-binding process where the parties “break out” into separate rooms. The mediator, usually a lawyer or a judge, goes back and forth between the parties to attempt to negotiate settlement. If the parties cannot agree on settlement, the case proceeds within the contested litigation system.